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How do Hummers Differ from all Other Birds?

From their glittering, iridescent colors to their flying skills, the hummingbirds possess many unique features.
COLOR Iridescent coloring is present on some feathers.
FEATHERS Hummingbirds have no downy feathers at all. Hummers have the least number  of feathers of all birds.
BRAIN The brain of the hummer is larger in proportion to body size than that of any other bird
FLIGHT Humming birds have the fastest wing beat. They are the only bird capable of hovering and backward flight. Hummers are the only birds with an upstroke power that is equal to the downstroke power.
MUSCLES The breast muscles of a hummingbird are the largest of any bird relative to body size.
HEART Hummingbirds have the largest heart in relation to body size (up to 2.4% of body weight). The most rapid heartbeat belongs to an Australian shrew at about 1,200 bpm. The hummer heart at rest beats about 500bpm; normal heartbeat is about 1,000 bpm; active heartbeat can approach 1,200 bpm. In torpor the heart can slow down to 50 beats per minute. In comparison a whale heart beats 9 bpm.
METABOLISM Hummingbirds have the greatest energy output relative to body size of all warm-blooded animals. Hummers and Poorwills are the only two birds that can become torpid.
LUNGS Hummers have the greatest oxygen consumption of all birds - 12 times more than pigeons!
APPETITE In one day, a hummingbird can consume half weight in food (insects) and eight times its weight water.
EGGS The smallest eggs of any bird are the hummingbird’s.
FAMILY SIZE The Hummingbird Family (Trochilidae) is the second largest in the Western Hemisphere with slightly more than 335 species. It is a fluid number as researchers discover new species and variations of species.
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